This guide provides general educational information and links to external sources. Under no circumstance should any content herein should be assumed or construed as any form of legal advice. For legal advice, consult an intellectual property attorney.
--Copyright Law of the United States (Title 17) and Related Laws Contained in Title 17 of the United States Code
--U.S. Copyright Act of 1976, 17. U.S.C. §§ 101 et seq.
--Berne Convention Implementation Act of 1988
--Copyright Amendments Act of 1992
--Uruguay Round Agreements Act
--Sonny Bono Copyright Term Extension Act
--Digital Millennium Copyright Act of 1998
--Music Modernization Act
These exceptions may apply only to certain types of works under certain conditions. For a fuller understanding of copyright law, consult with an intellectual property attorney.
Fair Use allows the copying or use of copyrighted work without permission, under certain circumstances.
Fair Use allows copying for education, scholarship, criticism, parody or satire, and transformative works.
Fair Use is a legal defense, not a law, and cases are evaluated individually. Evaluation is done by examining:
Each of these four factors must be considered in making a decision about Fair Use.
This infographic explains fair use, its importance, and its uses, as well as some examples.
Wiley Education Services (2017) offers guidance on fair use using the acronym:
Purpose and character of the use
Amount and substantiality of the portion used
Nature of the copyrighted work
Effect of the use upon the potential market
CC BY: This license allows reusers to distribute, remix, adapt, and build upon the material in any medium or format, so long as attribution is given to the creator. The license allows for commercial use.